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technique. Natural sand is the fine aggregate chiefly used in concrete mix. Sand may be obtained from sea, river, lake, etc, but when used in a concrete mix, it should be properly washed and tested to ascertain that it is free from clay, silt, and such organic matters. Fine aggregate used was river sand while crushed granite


Arinze(2018) studied the Effect of crushed Ceramic Tiles (CWCT) as Partial Replacement for Fine Aggregate in Concrete has been investigated in this study. Fine aggregate partially replaced by crushed waste ceramic tiles in varying following percentages (0%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 35%, 40%,). M15 grade


EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON PARTIAL REPLACEMENT OF FINE AGGREGATE USING COCONUT SHELL POWDER IN CONCRETE: A LITERATURE REVIEW Ms. M.Sivagami1, Ms. 2Amulya .P. J 1Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, RVS .Technical Campus, ... up of broken stone or gravel, sand, cement and water.


Advances in Civil and Structural Engineering Volume 5 Issue 2 Replacement of Cement with Fly ash and Coarse Aggregate with Coconut Shell in Concrete; a Literature Review Paurush Chandra Joshi1, Dr. Rakesh Kumar2 Student1, Professor& Head Department of Civil Engineering Giani Zail Singh Campus College of Engineering and Technology, MRSPTU Bathinda, Punjab …


C) CRUSHED GRANITE FINE (CGF): The maximum size of the gravel used as coarse aggregate was 37.50mm, with a unit weight of 1540kg/m3 and a specific gravity of 2.65. Particle size distribution of the coarse aggregate used. Naturally occurring clean sand used was


Nov 30, 2020· Table 8 shows that SMA20 mixtures with 40%, 60%, and 80% of POC as fine aggregates replacement recorded higher resilient modulus values by 1.18, 1.16, and 1.15 times, in comparison to that of control mix, respectively. This resulted in …


The result of CTM of M30 grade of concrete cube having ceramic waste crushed tile aggregates replacement of fine aggregate with the percentage of 0%, 8%, 16%, 24%, 32% and 40% with normal aggregate, design mix is given in Table 2 Table 2. Compressive strength of M30 Compressive strength of M30 (N/mm2) Days 0 8 16 24 32 40


Decomposed Granite Gravel (DGG) is the ultimate for driveways and pathways. Mined in the Texas Hill Country, this material has small, coarse granite chunks and lots of fine material. When installed as a driveway or pathway, the fine material takes a hard set, while the coarser material rises to the surface.


coarse aggregate and whose size is 4.75mm and less is considered as fine aggregate. Hard Broken Granite stone is most commonly used coarse aggregate material and river sand can be used as fine aggregate material in conventional concrete. II. LITERATURE REVIEW Literature Review on Copper Slag:


Naturally occurring decomposed granite and crushed stone paving mix set in a polymer binder ... Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates. ... and replace with compacted backfill as directed by Landscape Architect. 2. The surface of the completed subgrade shall be bladed to a smooth and uniform texture.


Construction aggregate, or simply aggregate, is a broad category of coarse- to medium-grained particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, recycled concrete and geosynthetic aggregates.Aggregates are the most mined materials in the world. Aggregates are a component of composite materials such as concrete and asphalt concrete; …


aggregate in replacement of crushed stone aggregate in concrete. The percentages of replacements were 25%, 50% and 75% by weight of coarse aggregate. Studies on compressive strength, tensile strength, flexural strength would be made the optimum percentage of steel slag and pebble stone replacement.


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Crushed stone, including crushed granite, is a material much easier to handle and place, and is commonly known as gravel. These small shards of stone have endless applications in the garden, not the least of which involve the base and the top layer for a driveway.


3.3 Coarse aggregate . Machine crushed blue granite broken stone angular in shape is used as coarse aggragate. The coarse aggregate is choosen by shape as per IS 2386 (Part I) 1963, surface texture characteritics of aggregate is classified as in IS 383 - 1970. The following properties of coarse aggragates were determined and tabulated in Table3.3


Naturally occurring decomposed granite and crushed stone surfacing as shown on Drawings and ... A. ASTM C136 – Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates. ... and replace with compacted backfill or fill as directed. 2. The surface of the completed subgrade shall be bladed to a smooth and uniform texture.


Jul 10, 2016· Divakar et al. (2012) studied the effect of granite dust as fine aggregate replacement varying from 0% to 50%. The flexural strength increase was 5.41% with 5% replacement of fine aggregates with granite dust. With 15%, 25%, 35% and 50% replacement a significant decrement in the flexure strength was observed.


Crushed rock aggregates are. more suitable for production of high strength ... using quarry dust as replacement of fine aggregate at 0, 25, 50, 75, and . ... studies and can serve as full ...


conducted study about Effects of crushed stone waste as fine aggregate on mortar and concrete properties. the findings were effects of crushed stone waste from Katunun's quarry as fine aggregate on mortar and concrete properties will be examined. Samples with varying crushed stone waste replacement ratio, ranging between 0% until , will be


The suitability of Crushed granite fine (CGF) to replace river sand in concrete production for use in rigid pavement was investigated. ... Kiran muchandi1, Avinash1 and Kumar S1 Stone crusher dust as a fine aggregate in Concrete for paving blocks Radhikesh P. Nanda 1, Amiya K ... AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the ...


Jul 28, 2016· The concept of replacement of natural fine aggregate by quarry dust which is highlighted in the study could boost the consumption of quarry dust generated from quarries. By replacement of quarry dust, the requirement of land fill area can be reduced and can also solve the problem of natural sand scarcity. The availability of sand at low cost as a fine aggregate …


Table 5.2 Physical Properties of Fine Aggregates (Sand) Sr. No. Physical Property Test Result 1. Fineness modulus 2.40 2. Specific Gravity 2.65 3. Bulk Density(gm/cc) 1.53-1.58 4. Water Absorption (%) 0.72 Coarse Aggregates: The coarse aggregate used was broken granite-crushed stone and it was free from clay,


The crushed glass particles may be used in concrete partially instead of granite rock. The workability & compressive strength will reduce when using waste glass particles. So the glass concrete may be used in filler areas like deck slabs. Tests To Be Conducted To Find Successful Coarse Aggregate Replacement


The last parameter was used, e.g., in the research study [31,38] in description of damageability of concretes with different internal structure created by crushed granite stone fine aggregate ...


properties of concrete for various percentage replacement of fine aggregate by granite powder and manufactured waste. But little information is available on concrete with the crushed stone like gneiss dust. Their role on the mechanical properties of concrete is still not totally investigated.


Coarse aggregate of 20mm maximum size is used in Reinforced cement concrete work of all types of structures. This is obtained by crushing the stone boulders of size 100 to 150mm in the stone crushers. Then it is sieved and the particles passing through 20 mm and retained on 10mm sieve known as course aggregate.


The fine and coarse aggregates generally occupy 60% to 75% of the concrete volume (70% to 85% by mass) and strongly influ-ence the concrete's freshly mixed and hardened proper-ties, mixture proportions, and economy. Fine aggregates (Fig. 5-1) generally consist of natural sand or crushed stone with most particles smaller than 5 mm (0.2 in.).


May 15, 2016· The influence of crushed granite fine aggregate (CGA) on the rheological and mechanical properties of concrete is reported in this work. Concretes were produced with 10, 30, and 50% (in volume of fine aggregates) of CGA, with respect to a reference mixture, which contained a regular siliceous river sand.


the compressive and split tensile strength. He used concrete mix by using Ordinary Portland Cement, Natural River sand as fine aggregate and crushed granite stones as coarse aggregate, portable water free from impurities and containing varying percentage of waste plastic bags (0%, 0.2%, 0.4%, 0.6% 0.8% and 1.0%).


PROPERTIES AND MATERIAL USED aggregate having a fineness modulus of approximately 4.0%. 3.1 Cement Bulking obtained for crushed stone aggregate was 47.5% while for coconut shell powder bulking was around 35% ISI marked OPC 53 Grade cement was used in this work with which is much lower to that of crushed stone aggregate. specific gravity of 2.74 ...


properties, Aggregate provide bulk, strength and wear resistance in these application. Hence, the selection and proportioning of aggregate should be given careful attention. The aggregate is generally coarse gravel or crushed rocks such as limestone, or granite, along with a fine aggregate such as sand or stone dust.


Feb 22, 2020· Concrete is prepared by mixing various materials like cement, Water, aggregates etc. which are economically available. IS 8112 is used for the work. The fine aggregate used in this investigation was clean river sand, whose maximum size is 4.75 mm, conforming to grading zone II. Machine crushed blue granite stone is used as coarse aggregate .


2. LITERATURE REVIEW replacement of coarse and fine aggregate. Shabath is the slate rock which is metamorphic rock of greenish blue color and is used for the flooring of corridors. Various percentages of shabath waste stone and the shabath dust were partially replaced as coarse aggregate and the